Stener Lesion

Purpose

Detect status of ulnar collateral ligament and presence of a Stener lesion

Tag(s)

 

Panel

 Musculoskeletal

Define-AI ID

 18050013

Originator

 Woojin Kim

Panel Chair

 Jay Patti

Panel Reviewers

 Musculoskeletal Panel

License

 Creative Commons 4.0

Status  Published

Clinical Implementation


Value Proposition

A Stener lesion is a type of injury to the thumb. It is seen with a traumatic injury, called the "gamekeeper's thumb," in which there is a tear of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) at the level of the metacarpophalangeal joint. The Stener lesion occurs when the aponeurosis of the adductor pollicis muscle is interposed between the torn UCL and its original site of insertion at the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb. Normally, the UCL is located deep to the adductor pollicis (not superficial to, as in a Stener lesion). Because there is interposition of the aponeurosis between the UCL and its insertion site, the torn UCL fails to heal as a result. The UCL is an important stabilizer of the thumb; therefore, failure of the UCL to heal will cause impairment of the overall hand function. As this requires surgical repair, missing this finding can be harmful to the patient. Radiologists would benefit from an algorithm segmenting the UCL and detecting its abnormality. An AI algorithm meeting this use case would help to reduce the false negative rate, patient risk, and medical-legal risk for the radiologists.

Narrative(s)

A 17-year-old patient with a hyperabduction injury to the thumb following a fall on an outstretched hand presents with a painful thumb. The initial radiographs of the thumb demonstrate a small avulsion fracture at the ulnar base of the proximal phalanx. Subsequently, an MRI of the thumb is obtained. The AI algorithm evaluates the MR images, identifies the UCL, and determines it as normal, abnormal, or indeterminate. The abnormal UCL can be further subdivided into partial tear and full-thickness tear. If there is a tear of the UCL, then its location with respect to the aponeurosis of the adductor pollicis muscle is determined. If the UCL is located deep to the aponeurosis, then no Stener lesion is identified. If the UCL is located superficially, then a Stener lesion is identified. The algorithm should also be designed to look for other signs, such as the “yo-yo on a string” sign, which is formed by the retracted, torn UCL looking like a small mass lying superficial to the aponeurosis. The radiologist is informed of these findings at the time of interpretation.

Workflow Description

Images obtained from MRI are sent to the PACS/viewer and the AI model. The images are analyzed by the AI model. The model categorizes the UCL as either normal, abnormal, or indeterminate. A message is sent to both the PACS/viewer and the reporting solution from the model with the classification information. If the type of injury (ie, partial tear or full-thickness tear) is also identified, such information can also be sent to the PACS/viewer and reporting solution to highlight the region the engine identified. Once the tear is identified, then its location with respect to the aponeurosis of the adductor pollicis muscle is determined. If the UCL is superficial to the aponeurosis, then the diagnosis of a Stener lesion is made and sent to the PACS/viewer and reporting solution.

Considerations for Dataset Development


Procedures(s): {MRI, thumb}

Planes of Imaging: {AP, PA, Lat}

 

Sex at Birth: {Male, Female}

Technical Specifications


Inputs

DICOM Study

Procedure

MRI, thumb

Views

AP, PA, Lat

Data Type

DICOM

Modality

MRI

Body Region

Upper Extremity

Anatomic Focus

Thumb

 

Primary Outputs

UCL Status

RadElement ID

RDE258

Definition

Determine the status of the UCL

Data Type

Categorical

Value Set

0-Unknown

1-Normal

2-Abnormal

Units

N/A

 

Stener Lesion Detection

RadElement ID

RDE259

Definition

If UCL is abnormal, detect the presence of a Stener lesion

Data Type

Categorical

Value Set

0-Unknown

1-Stener lesion present

2-Stener lesion absent

Units

N/A

 

Secondary Outputs

UCL Tear Type

RadElement ID

RDE257

Definition

If UCL is abnormal, determine the UCL tear type

Data Type

Categorical

Value Set

0-Unknown

1-Partial tear

2-Full-thickness tear

Units

N/A

Future Development Ideas


Consider running an algorithm on the scanner to detect when imaging is not adequate. Issues with thumb-imaging orientation are common: Techs may confuse thumb and hand protocols; the patient may not be properly secured to the nailbed; and the coronal plane is more difficult to acquire.