Pulmonary Artery Diameter

Purpose

Automate pulmonary artery size measurements

Tag(s)

#MPA:AO

Panel

 Cardiac

Define-AI ID

 18040015

Originator

 Jay Nance

Panel Chair

 Carlo De Cecco

Panel Reviewers

 Cardiac Panel

License

 Creative Commons 4.0

Status  Published

Clinical Implementation


Value Proposition

Pulmonary artery size is an imperfect imaging biomarker of pulmonary hypertension, but it has shown prognostic value in a variety of clinical situations. Cutoffs for abnormal values have been proposed and validated. Automated quantification would save the interpreting physician time via elimination of manual measurements, would prevent detection errors (missing enlarged pulmonary arteries), and would provide structured quantitative data, which could be used in later studies or risk-stratification schemes.

Narrative(s)

All patients undergoing CT examinations through the level of the main pulmonary artery should have automated quantification of arterial diameter, which should then be automatically populated into the radiology report or a report supplement. This use case will focus specifically on relevant cardiac imaging modalities, ie, electrocardiogram (ECG)-synchronized coronary artery calcium scoring, coronary CT angiography (CCTA), and full-chest CT angiography (triple rule-out scans).

Workflow Description

A patient receives ECG-synchronized CT of the chest and heart. An algorithm retrieves a volumetric imaging data set and accessible electronic medical record data, including age, sex, and body mass index. The algorithm executes and returns the main pulmonary artery distal to the valve but prior to the bifurcation. The proximal right and left pulmonary arteries are also measured. Please note, these values have shown limited value in the literature, and this feature should be considered optional. The algorithm returns all values, which could populate the report (possibly within a supplement containing other quantitative data). The algorithm flags abnormal values.

Considerations for Dataset Development


Procedures(s): ECG-synchronized CT, Chest

Sex at Birth: {Male, Female}

 

Age (years): [15,90]

 

Body Mass Index (kg/m2): [10,52]

 

Body Surface Area: varied

 

Aortic Diameter (mm): [20,40]

 

Abnormalities: {Congenital heart disease, ventricular septal defects}

 

Interventions: {Congenital heart disease repair, mitral valve replacements}

 

Contrast: {Contrast-enhanced (CCTA), non-contrast enhanced applications}

Technical Specifications


Inputs

DICOM Study

Procedure

ECG-synchronized CT, Chest

Data Type

DICOM

Modality

CT

Body Region

Chest

Anatomic Focus

Heart

 

Primary Outputs

Main Pulmonary Artery Diameter

RadElement ID

RDE315

Definition

Diameter of main pulmonary artery (mm)

Data Type

Numeric

Value Set

 

Units

mm

Secondary Outputs

Left Pulmonary Artery Diameter

RadElement ID

RDE316

Definition

Diameter of left pulmonary artery (mm)

Data Type

Numeric

Value Set

 

Units

mm

 

Right Pulmonary Artery Diameter

RadElement ID

RDE317

Definition

Diameter of right pulmonary artery (mm)

Data Type

Numeric

Value Set

 

Units

mm

 

Pulmonary Artery to Aortic Diameter Ratio

RadElement ID

RDE318

Definition

Main pulmonary artery to aortic diameter ratio (MPA:Ao)

Data Type

Numeric

Value Set

 

Units